The effect of short-term low-dose cyclosporin on renal function and blood pressure in patients with psoriasis

AL Brown, R Wilkinson, TH Thomas, N Levell, C Munro, J Marks, THJ Goodship

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Abstract

The effect of short-term (mean 2.4 months), low-dose (5 mg/kg) cyclosporin A (CyA) on renal function and blood pressure was studied in eight patients with psoriasis. Studies were undertaken before, during and after treatment. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) post-treatment was significantly higher than pretreatment or during treatment (pre, 119 +/- 7; during, 113 +/- 9; post, 133 +/- 11 ml/min per 1.73 m2; pre vs. during, NS; during vs. post, P < 0.01; pre vs. post, P < 0.05); effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) was unchanged (pre, 515 +/- 38; during, 485 +/- 49; post, 560 +/- 45 ml/min per 1.73 m2). There was no change in the urinary excretion of either albumin or the enzymes N-acetyl-glucosaminidase, lactate dehydrogenase, alanine aminopeptidase and alkaline phosphatase. There was a decrease in exchangeable sodium which persisted post-treatment (pre, 56 +/- 3; during, 49 +/- 3; post, 49 +/- 3 mmol/kg LBM; pre vs. during, P = 0.07; during vs. post, NS; pre vs. post, P = 0.06). Blood pressure assessed as either a single reading, or the mean of a 24 h ambulatory recording, increased during treatment (single reading: pre, 113/73; during, 126/83; post, 114/70 mmHg; mean 24 h: pre, 114/71; during, 123/76; post, 120/72 mmHg). Thus, short-term use of CyA at a dose of 5 mg/kg for the treatment of psoriasis is associated with a significant increase in blood pressure, but only a transient mild reduction in GFR, which did not reach significance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-555
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume128
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1993

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