The effects of surface modification on the supercapacitive behaviors of novel mesoporous carbon derived from rod-like hydroxyapatite template

Xiaohui Wu, Xiaoting Hong, Zhiping Luo, K. S. Hui, Hongyu Chen, Junwen Wu, K. N. Hui, Laisheng Li, Junmin Nan, Qiuyun Zhang

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75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel mesoporous carbon has been synthesized using rod-like nano-hydroxyapatite (HA) particles as templates, sucrose as carbon precursor by polymerizing, carbonizing and the removal of templates with HCl solution. In the process, HA not only acted as an endotemplate but also an exotemplate producing micropores and mesopores. Subsequently, mesoporous carbon was modified by HNO3 solution with different concentration. The morphology, pore structure, and surface functional groups of the as-obtained samples are analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method (BET), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The electrochemical performance for electrochemical capacitors is evaluated in a 1 M H2SO4 aqueous solution. The results manifest that the structrue of resultant carbon with a high surface area (719.7 m2 g-1) and large pore volume (1.51 cm3 g-1) is the replica of HA. After modification, the surface area and pore volume mesoporous carbons slightly decrease, while their electrochemical performance have been significantly improved with the increase of the capacitance from 125.7 to 170.1 F g-1 and a non-decayed cycle life over 5000 cycles for HA-C-0.15N.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-406
Number of pages7
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume89
Early online date26 Nov 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Electrical double-layer capacitors
  • HNO solution
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Mesoporous carbon
  • Template

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