The efficacy of interventions for behaviourally inhibited preschool-aged children: A meta-analysis

Jinnie Ooi, Helen F. Dodd, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Jennifer L. Hudson, Jessica Bridges, Laura Pass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The current systematic review and meta-analyses examined the efficacy of psychological interventions targeting behavioural inhibition and anxiety in preschool-aged children, evaluated within randomised controlled trials. Web of Science, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were systematically searched from inception to March 2021. Ten studies (N = 1475 children, aged 3 – 7 years) were included in the current review. Separate analyses were conducted for behavioural inhibition, anxiety symptoms, and anxiety diagnosis as reported by parents, teachers, and observer-ratings. Pooled outcomes ranged from post-intervention to 12-month follow-up due to the limited number of studies. Meta-analyses revealed that intervention did not reduce behavioural inhibition as assessed by independent observers (SMD = -.13, 95% CI = -.63 to.38), but did reduce behavioural inhibition as reported by parents (SMC = -.64, 95% CI = -1.00 to -.27) and teachers (SMD = -.69, 95% CI = -1.02 to -.36). Additionally, intervention appeared to reduce the risk of anxiety disorders (RR =.75, 95% CI =.62 to.90), and parent-report anxiety symptoms (SMC = -.47, 95% CI = -.83 to -.12) in preschool-aged children. Intervention may be efficacious in reducing anxiety in preschool-aged behaviourally inhibited children. It is less clear whether intervention leads to change in BI.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102559
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume88
Early online date24 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Behavioural inhibition
  • Intervention
  • Meta-analysis
  • Preschool-aged

Cite this