The EU Method of Antitrust Enforcement

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter critically analyses the methodology of the EU antitrust enforcement regime against its stated aim of punishing and deterring hard-core horizontal cartel infringements. It does this by addressing four key areas: (1) the substantive prohibition contained in Article 101 TFEU; (2) the method of calculating fines; (3) the use of leniency and settlement notices; and (4) the use of sanctions at the Member State level, as a complement to the enforcement work of the European Commission. It concludes that there are significant limitations to this regime’s deterrent effect and that further alternative sanctions to corporate fines are needed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Handbook on Methods and Models of Competition Law
EditorsDeborah Healey, Michael Jacobs, Rhonda Smith
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)978 1 78536 865 3
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2020

Publication series

NameResearch Handbooks in Competition Law

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