The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and the Technical Reforms model: Insights from the Global Performance Assessments literature

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The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is now widely recognised as a leading development policy helping govern the production of oil, gas, and other mined materials. This study builds on recent theoretical work conceptualizing how the EITI might reach its long-term goals of improving natural resource governance and promoting inclusive forms of social and economic development. While existing discussions describe the need to explore how these conceptual models might work within specific national contexts, this paper highlights there is also scope to further understand them from an international perspective by looking at the role of the international EITI secretariat. Drawing on a review of the broader literature dedicated to Global Performance Assessments, it presents an example elaborating on how the international secretariat's country assessments may affect what is known as the Technical Reforms model (a model describing the EITI may help to improve the governance of natural resources by strengthening the regulations that manage them). Overall, this discussion highlights the EITI's country assessments may encourage the adoption of reforms due to the Hawthorne effects and reputational, aspirational, and competitive motivations they can illicit from governing elites.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100963
JournalThe Extractive Industries and Society
Issue number4
Early online date13 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • EITI
  • Transparency
  • Extractive industries
  • Theory of change
  • Global performance assessment

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