The gardens at Raynham and their destruction, c. 1700-1735

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This article examines the development of the landscape of Raynham Hall, Norfolk, England in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, and presents two hitherto unrecognised sketches by William Kent. It argues that Raynham was one of the first places in England where geometric gardens were removed in order to provide a largely open, parkland setting for the mansion. It attributes this innovation to William Kent and suggests that it was associated with Raynham’s status as an early essay in Palladian architecture. Finally, it argues that more scholarly attention should be given to the connections between architectural styles, and modes of lndscape and garden design, in eighteenth-century England.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-33
Number of pages12
JournalStudies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes
Issue number1
Early online date1 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Neo-Palladianism
  • William Kent
  • landscape park

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