The Gender Logics of Resistance to the 'War on Terror': constructing sex–gender difference through the erasure of patriarchy in the Middle East

Nicola Pratt

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    9 Citations (Scopus)


    This article asks, 'How are femininities constructed in resisting the "war on terror" and with what implications for women's agency and the conceptualisation of gender?' It examines the under-studied gender logics of non-violent resistance to the 'war on terror' by focusing on a series of conferences held in Cairo, between 2002 and 2008, uniting opposition to imperialism, Zionism, neoliberalism and dictatorship. Whereas much feminist scholarship conceptualises sex-gender difference within patriarchy as the major source of women's subordination, women speakers at the Cairo conferences erased patriarchy as a source of subordination and valorised sex-gender difference as a source of agency in resisting the 'war on terror'. Femininities were constructed against the dominant narratives and practices of the war on terror through the representation of national/religious or class differences. These 'resistance femininities' represent strategically essentialised identities that function to bridge differences and mobilise women against the 'war on terror'.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1821-1836
    Number of pages16
    JournalThird World Quarterly
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012


    • gender issue
    • gender relations
    • neoliberalism
    • womens status
    • Cairo [Egypt]
    • Cairo

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