The Impact of Gastrointestinal Modifications, Blood-Brain Barrier Transport, and Intracellular Metabolism on Polyphenol Bioavailability: An Overview

G. Corona, D. Vauzour, A. Amini, J.P.E. Spencer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyphenols are found ubiquitously in plants, and epidemiological studies suggest an association between their regular consumption and a reduced risk of a number of chronic diseases; such as cardiovascular disease, specific forms of cancer, and neurodegenerative disease. The mechanisms by which polyphenols express these beneficial properties appear to involve their interaction with cellular signaling pathways and related machinery that mediate cell function under both normal and pathological conditions. Thus, their effectiveness and mechanisms of action in vivo will be dependent on the extent of their biotransformation. Native polyphenols in the diet are subjected to extensive metabolism following oral ingestion, in the upper gastrointestinal tract and in the colon, and after reaching the circulation, further intracellular metabolism in target tissues may occur. Additionally, the blood-brain barrier's crossing ability will influence their effect in the brain. This chapter will give an overview of how the polyphenols' bioavailability is influenced by gastrointestinal modifications, blood-brain barrier transport, intracellular metabolism, and the impact on their mechanisms of action.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolyphenols in Human Health and Disease
Pages591-604
Number of pages14
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • blood-brain barrier
  • bioavailability
  • flavonoids
  • gastrointenstinal tract
  • polyphenols
  • metabolism

Cite this