The Income-Health Gradient: Evidence From Self-Reported Health and Biomarkers in Understanding Society

Apostolos Davillas, Andrew M. Jones, Michaela Benzeval

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter adds to the literature about the income-health gradient by exploring the association of short- and long-term income with a wide set of self-reported health measures and objective nurse-administered and blood-based biomarkers, as well as employing estimation techniques that allow for analysis beyond the mean. The income-health gradients are greater in magnitude in case of long-run rather than cross-sectional income measures. Unconditional quantile regressions reveal that the differences between long-run and the short-run income gradients are more evident toward the right tails of the distributions, where both higher risk of illnesses and steeper income gradients are observed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPanel Data Econometrics
Subtitle of host publicationEmpirical Applications
Number of pages33
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-815859-3
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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