The influence of and change in procedural justice on self-rated health trajectories: Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health results

Constanze Leineweber, Constanze Eib, Peristera Paraskevi, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel

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Objectives: Procedural justice perceptions are shown to be associated with minor psychiatric disorders, long sickness absence spells and poor self-rated health, but previous studies have rarely considered how changes in procedural justice influence changes in health.

Methods: Data from four consecutive biennial waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Survey of Health (SLOSH) study (N=5,854) were used to examine trajectories of self-rated health. Adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic position, and marital status, we study the predictive power of change in procedural justice perceptions using individual growth curve models within a multilevel framework.

Results: The results show that self-rated health trajectories slowly decline over time. The rate of change was influenced by age and sex, with older people and women showing a slower rate of change in self-rated health. After adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic position, and marital status, procedural justice was significantly associated with self-rated health. Also, improvements in procedural justice were associated with improvements in self-rated health. Additionally, a reverse relationship with self-rated health and change in self-rated health predicting procedural justice was found.

Conclusions: Our findings support the idea that procedural justice at work is a crucial aspect of the psychosocial work environment and that changes towards more procedural justice could influence self-rated health positively. The reciprocal association of procedural justice and self-rated health warrants further research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-328
Number of pages9
JournalScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Issue number4
Early online date29 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016


  • organizational justice
  • procedural justice
  • psychosocial work environment
  • repeated measurement
  • self-rated health
  • self-rated health trajectory
  • Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health

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