The influence of late Quaternary climate-change velocity on species endemism

B. Sandel, L. Arge, B. Dalsgaard, R. G. Davies, K. J. Gaston, W. J. Sutherland, J.-C. Svenning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

649 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of climate change on biodiversity should depend in part on climate displacement rate (climate-change velocity) and its interaction with species’ capacity to migrate. We estimated Late Quaternary glacial-interglacial climate-change velocity by integrating macroclimatic shifts since the Last Glacial Maximum with topoclimatic gradients. Globally, areas with high velocities were associated with marked absences of small-ranged amphibians, mammals, and birds. The association between endemism and velocity was weakest in the highly vagile birds and strongest in the weakly dispersing amphibians, linking dispersal ability to extinction risk due to climate change. High velocity was also associated with low endemism at regional scales, especially in wet and aseasonal regions. Overall, we show that low-velocity areas are essential refuges for Earth’s many small-ranged species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-664
Number of pages5
Issue number6056
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2011

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