This paper examines the evolution and development of institutions involved in the establishment of extractive reserves. It focuses on the different actors, organisations and projects concerned with extractive reserves in Rondonia in western Amazonia, Brazil. Extractive reserves are supported by a wide range of different actors and agencies, within a rapidly evolving institutional context. Extractive reserves are widely seen as a means of integrating forest conservation and local socio-economic development. As such, they have gained the support to the international environmental movement, multilateral and state development organisations, and grassroots community and producer organisations. These institutions represent a vast array of diverse interest which range from conservation of biodiversity, economic and social cohesion, and regional and national development. Extractive reserves are promoted as a means to achieve each of these objectives. However these ends are not necessarily complementary or compatible, and the integration of conservation and development is by no means easy to achieve. Whilst the various actors and institutions claim mutual and complementary interest, they form shifting alliances and coalitions in order to further their interests. This paper maps these institutions and interests and describes how alliances have been formed and broken, and how this has contributed to the currently observed implementation of extractive reserves. It analyses how the evolving institutions have been able to forward sustainable development in Amazonia and who benefits from alliances and coalitions. The paper argues that extractive reserves are constrained by the dissonance or misfit in discourses and underlying worldviews, reflected by the aims and objectives of the institutions which promote, oppose and lose or benefit from their implementation. This misfit is overcome, in part, by alliances formed between the different institutions, and in part by the creation of new institutions and projects.
|Publisher||Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, UEA|
|Number of pages||32|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|