Immunoregulation is an emerging paradigm of gammadelta T cell function. The mechanisms by which gammadelta T cells mediate this function, however, are not clear. Studies have identified a direct role for gammadelta T cells in resolving the host immune response to infection, by eliminating populations of activated macrophages. The aim of this study was to identify macrophage-reactive gammadelta T cells and establish the requirements/outcomes of macrophage-gammadelta T cell interactions during the immune response to the intracellular bacterium, Listeria monocytogenes (Lm). Using a macrophage-T cell coculture system in which peritoneal macrophages from naive or Lm-infected TCRdelta(-/-) mice were incubated with splenocytes from naive and Lm-infected alphabeta/gammadelta T cell-deficient and wild-type mice, the ability to bind macrophages was shown to be restricted to gammadelta T cells and the GV5S1 (Vgamma1) subset of gammadelta T cells. Macrophage adherence resulted in a 4- to 10-fold enrichment of Vgamma1(+) T cells. Enrichment of Vgamma1 T cells was dependent upon the activation status of macrophages, but independent of the activation status of gammadelta T cells. Vgamma1 T cells were cytotoxic for activated macrophages with both the binding to and killing of macrophages being TCR dependent because anti-TCRgammadelta Abs inhibited both Vgamma1 binding and killing activities. These studies establish the identity of macrophage cytotoxic gammadelta T cells, the conditions under which this interaction occurs, and the outcome of this interaction. These findings are concordant with the involvement of Vgamma1 T cells in macrophage homeostasis during the resolution of pathogen-mediated immune responses.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Dec 2003|