Studies of climate change at specific intervals of future warming have primarily been addressed through top-down approaches using climate projections and modelled impacts. In contrast, bottom-up approaches focus on the recent past and present vulnerability. Here, we examine climate signals at different increments of warming and consider the need to reconcile top-down and bottom-up approaches. We synthesise insights from recent studies in three climate-sensitive systems where change is a defining feature of the human-environment system. Whilst top-down and bottom-up approaches generate complementary insights into who and what is at risk, integrating their results is a much-needed step towards developing relevant information to address the needs of immediate adaptation decisions.
- School of International Development - Lecturer in the Environment and International Development
- Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research - Member
- Water Security Research Centre - Member
- Global Environmental Justice - Member
- Migration Research Network - Member
Person: Research Group Member, Research Centre Member, Academic, Teaching & Research