One area in the South for which there is considerable information, however, is the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) in Tanzania. Established in 1959, the NCA is the only multiple-use area of its kind in East Africa, and provides a valuable example of the impacts of multiple-use policies within a developing country context. Because the NCA is inhabited by Maasai pastoralists, it also provides an indication of the particular effects which multiple-use areas might have on pastoral communities. In this paper, we provide a brief overview of the ecology and management of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. We then evaluate the conservation and development performance of the NCA, based on the findings of a three-year, international project, known as the Ngorongoro Conservation and Development Project. Lastly, we look at some of the lessons which can be learned from the NCA; in particular, what are the implications of the NCA for the establishment of other multiple-use areas, both within Tanzania and elsewhere in the developing world?
|Development Studies Discussion Papers - University of East Anglia
|Number of pages
|Published - 1994