The oligodendrocyte precursor mitogen PDGF stimulates proliferation by activation of αvβ3 integrins

Wia Baron, Sanford J. Shattil, Charles Ffrench-Constant

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114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Central nervous system development requires precise and localized regulation of neural precursor behaviour. Here we show how the interaction between growth factor and integrin signalling pathways provides a mechanism for such precision in oligodendrocyte progenitor (OP) proliferation. While physiological concentrations of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) were not in themselves sufficient to promote OP proliferation, they did so on extracellular matrix (ECM) substrate that bind αvβ3 integrin. Upon PDGF-AA exposure and αvβ3 engagement, a physical co-association between both receptors was demonstrated, confirming the interaction between these signalling pathways. Furthermore, we found that PDGFaR stimulated a protein kinase C-dependent activation of integrin αvβ3, which in turn induced OP proliferation via a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent signalling pathway. These studies establish a mechanism by which OP proliferation is dependent on the availability of both an ECM ligand and a mitogenic growth factor. Growth factor-mediated integrin activation is the critical integrative step in proliferation signalling, and ensures that the response of neural precursor cells to long-range cues can be regulated by their cellular neighbours, allowing precise control of cell behaviour during development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1957-1966
Number of pages10
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2002

Keywords

  • Activation
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Integrin
  • PDGF
  • WOW-1

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