The paradoxical situation of the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil

Mendelson Lima, Carlos Augusto Peres, Mark Ilan Abrahams, Carlos Antonio Da Silva Junior, Gerlane De Medeiros Costa, Reginaldo Carvalho Dos Santos

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Populations of white-lipped peccaries, Tayassu pecari, have already been extirpated or drastically reduced in much of the Neotropics, but are still relatively abundant in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso, the country's largest maize and soy producer. This article synthesises over a decade of experience both visiting farms which experienced crop damage and working with hunters, farmers and technicians who live in areas of conflict with T. pecari. These social ungulates feed within maize plantations bordering forest fragments during the entire cultivation cycle and farmers in Mato Grosso vociferously protest the severe economic losses they cause. To protect their crops from damage, farmers slaughter white-lipped peccaries using firearms, traps and mass poisoning. We also draw attention to the need to mitigate the damage caused in agricultural frontiers by this ecologically important species, such that it is not decimated as it has been in the Caatinga and Atlantic Forest biomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-39
Number of pages4
JournalPerspectives in Ecology and Conservation
Issue number1
Early online date20 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Agribusiness
  • Agricultural frontier
  • Crop damage
  • Pest species

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