The plant-pathogen haustorial interface at a glance

Tolga O. Bozkurt, Sophien Kamoun

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Many filamentous pathogens invade plant cells through specialized hyphae called haustoria. These infection structures are enveloped by a newly synthesized plant-derived membrane called the extrahaustorial membrane (EHM). This specialized membrane is the ultimate interface between the plant and pathogen, and is key to the success or failure of infection. Strikingly, the EHM is reminiscent of host-derived membrane interfaces that engulf intracellular metazoan parasites. These perimicrobial interfaces are critical sites where pathogens facilitate nutrient uptake and deploy virulence factors to disarm cellular defenses mounted by their hosts. Although the mechanisms underlying the biogenesis and functions of these host-microbe interfaces are poorly understood, recent studies have provided new insights into the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved. In this Cell Science at a Glance and the accompanying poster, we summarize these recent advances with a specific focus on the haustorial interfaces associated with filamentous plant pathogens. We highlight the progress in the field that fundamentally underpin this research topic. Furthermore, we relate our knowledge of plant-filamentous pathogen interfaces to those generated by other plant-associated organisms. Finally, we compare the similarities between host-pathogen interfaces in plants and animals, and emphasize the key questions in this research area.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjcs237958
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume133
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • BIOGENESIS
  • CELLS
  • DELIVERY
  • Defense-related autophagy
  • ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM
  • Effector translocation
  • Extrahaustorial membrane
  • Haustorium
  • Host-pathogen interface
  • MEMBRANE
  • PHYTOPHTHORA-INFESTANS
  • POWDERY-MILDEW HAUSTORIA
  • PROTEIN
  • Plant-pathogen interaction
  • SUBCELLULAR RESPONSES
  • TRAFFICKING

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