The ‘porin-cytochrome’ model for microbe-to-mineral electron transfer

David J. Richardson, Julea N. Butt, Jim K. Fredrickson, John M. Zachara, Liang Shi, Marcus J. Edwards, Gaye White, Nanakow Baiden, Andrew J. Gates, Sophie J. Marritt, Thomas A. Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

183 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)


Many species of bacteria can couple anaerobic growth to the respiratory reduction of insoluble minerals containing Fe(III) or Mn(III/IV). It has been suggested that in Shewanella species electrons cross the outer membrane to extracellular substrates via ‘porin–cytochrome’ electron transport modules. The molecular structure of an outer-membrane extracellular-facing deca-haem terminus for such a module has recently been resolved. It is debated how, once outside the cells, electrons are transferred from outer-membrane cytochromes to insoluble electron sinks. This may occur directly or by assemblies of cytochromes, perhaps functioning as ‘nanowires’, or via electron shuttles. Here we review recent work in this field and explore whether it allows for unification of the electron transport mechanisms supporting extracellular mineral respiration in Shewanella that may extend into other genera of Gram-negative bacteria.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-212
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Cite this