The postprandial effects of dietary antioxidants in humans

Colin D. Kay, Bruce J. Holub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Traditional risk factors as measured in the fasted individual are reported to be responsible for the prediction of only half of the incident cases of cardiovascular disease. However, many complex and deleterious reactions occur in the postprandial state. The consequences of oxidative reactions occurring during this time represent major risk for fatal and nonfatal heart disease, ischemia, and stroke, and include oxidative modifications to low-density lipoproteins (LDL), decreased production and bioactivity of nitric oxide (NO) in endothelial cells, and reduced endothelial function. Supplementation with antioxidants may prevent or reduce many of these risks. Antioxidants have been shown to reduce oxidative modification to LDL cholesterol, prevent glucose auto-oxidation, improve the bioactivity of NO, and attenuate or prevent the decrease in endothelial function associated with the postprandial state. Because many nonfasting reactions represent major risk for disease, postprandial risk analysis must form a larger part of the diagnostic strategy for disease prevention in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-458
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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