The role of multihaem cytochromes in the respiration of nitrite in Eschericia coli and fe(III) in Shewanella oneidensis

Thomas A. Clarke, Tracey Holley, Robert S. Hartshorne, Jim K. Fredrickson, John M. Zachara, Liang Shi, David J. Richardson

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18 Citations (Scopus)


The periplasmic nitrite reductase system from Escherichia coli and the extracellular Fe(III) reductase system from Shewanella oneidensis contain multihaem c-type cytochromes as electron carriers and terminal reductases. The position and orientation of the haem cofactors in multihaem cytochromes from different bacteria often show significant conservation despite different arrangements of the polypeptide chain. We propose that the decahaem cytochromes of the iron reductase system MtrA, MtrC and OmcA comprise pentahaem ‘modules’ similar to the electron donor protein, NrfB, from E. coli. To demonstrate this, we have isolated and characterized the N-terminal pentahaem module of MtrA by preparing a truncated form containing five covalently attached haems. UV–visible spectroscopy indicated that all five haems were low-spin, consistent with the presence of bis-His ligand co-ordination as found in full-length MtrA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Society Transactions
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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