The role of PKC and PKD in CXCL12 and CXCL13 directed malignant melanoma and acute monocytic leukemic cancer cell migration

Isabel Hamshaw, Youssef Ellahouny, Artur Malusickis, Lia Newman, Dante Ortiz-Jacobs, Anja Mueller

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Abstract

Cancer metastasis is the leading cause of cancer related mortality. Chemokine receptors and proteins in their downstream signalling axis represent desirable therapeutic targets for the prevention of metastasis. Despite this, current therapeutics have experienced limited success in clinical trials due to a lack of insight into the downstream signalling pathway of specific chemokine receptor cascades in different tumours. In this study, we investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase D (PKD) in CXCL12 and CXCL13 stimulated SK-MEL-28 (malignant melanoma) and THP-1 (acute monocytic leukaemia) cell migration. While PKC and PKD had no active role in CXCL12 or CXCL13 stimulated THP-1 cell migration, PKC and PKD inhibition reduced CXCL12 stimulated migration and caused profound effects upon the cytoskeleton of SK-MEL-28 cells. Furthermore, only PKC and not PKD inhibition reduced CXCL13 stimulated migration in SK-MEL-28 cells however PKC inhibition failed to stimulate any changes to the actin cytoskeleton. These findings indicate that PKC inhibitors would be a useful therapeutic for the prevention of both CXCL12 and CXCL13 stimulated migration and PKD inhibitors for CXCL12 stimulated migration in malignant melanoma.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110966
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume113
Early online date8 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

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