The Rwandan agrarian and land sector modernisation: Confronting macro performance with lived experiences on the ground

An Ansoms (Lead Author), Giuseppe Cioffo, Neil Dawson, Sam Desiere, Chris Huggins, Margot Leegwater, Jude Murison, Aymar Nyenyezi Bisoka, Johanna Treidl, Julie Van Damme

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26 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


Rwanda has embarked on an ambitious policy package to modernise and professionalise the agrarian and land sector. Its reform fits into a broader call – supported by major international donors – to implement a Green Revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa. After 10 years of implementation, there is increased production output and value-addition in commercialised commodity chains. These are promising results. However, poverty reduction, particularly in more recent years, seems limited. Moreover, micro-level evidence from the field calls into question the long-term sustainability of the agricultural and land sector reform. In this article, a group of researchers, having engaged in in-depth qualitative research in a variety of settings and over an extended period, bring together their main research results and combine their key findings to challenge the dominant discourse on Rwanda as a model for development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-431
Number of pages24
JournalReview of African Political Economy
Issue number157
Early online date30 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


  • Rwanda
  • Green Revolution
  • land reform
  • agricultural modernisation
  • statistics
  • developmental state

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