The SCAR READER Project: Toward a high-quality database of mean Antarctic meteorological observations

John Turner, Steve R. Colwell, Gareth J. Marshall, Tom A. Lachlan-Cope, Andrew M. Carleton, Phil D. Jones, Victor Lagun, Phil A. Reid, Svetlana Iagovkina

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204 Citations (Scopus)


A new dataset of monthly and annual mean near-surface climate data (temperature, surface and mean sea level pressure, and wind speed) for the Antarctic region has been created using historical observations [Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) Reference Antarctic Data for Environmental Research (READER)]. Where possible, 6-hourly surface synoptic and automatic weather station observations were used to compute the means. The ability to quality control the data at the level of individual observations has produced a more accurate series of monthly means than was available previously. At the time of writing, the mean data are available on the Internet ( Data for 43 surface-staffed stations and 61 automatic weather stations are included in the database. Here, mean temperature, pressure, and wind speed data for 19 occupied stations with long records are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2890-2898
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Climate
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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