The spatial and temporal characteristics of northern Hemisphere surface air temperature variations

PD Jones, PM Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


Variations in temperature over landmasses during the present century are determined. The spatial patterns of change accompanying major warming and cooling episodes are mapped. The spatial representativeness of the Northern Hemisphere average is assessed and implications for proxy climate studies are considered. Finally, the seasonal breakdown of trends and correlations between monthly and annual data for the Arctic and Northern Hemisphere is considered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-252
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Climatology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1983

Cite this