The thin line between work and home: The spillover and crossover of daily conflicts

Ana Sanz Vergel, Alfredo Rodríguez, Karina Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study of 80 dual-earner couples, we examined the relationship between conflicts at work and at home on a daily basis. Using a strain-based approach as well as literature on spillover–crossover and displaced aggression, we hypothesized that daily level of family–work conflict (FWC) would increase daily interpersonal conflicts with colleagues at work,which in turn would increase conflicts with the partner at home. Furthermore, we examined the moderating role of a personality trait (i.e., neuroticism) on the relationship between interpersonal conflicts at work and at home. Finally, we analysed the crossover
of interpersonal conflicts at home between the members of the couple. Participants filled in a diary booklet during five consecutive working days (N = 160 participants and N = 800 occasions). Results showed thatFWCpredicted interpersonal conflicts at work,which in turn predicted conflicts with the partner at home. Further, neuroticism accentuated the relationship between interpersonal conflicts at work and at home. There was also a crossover of interpersonal conflicts at home. Our findings suggest ‘a negative
spiral of daily conflicts’ which may affect both employees and their partner. The
theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Volume88
Issue number1
Early online date30 Jun 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • family–work conflict
  • interpersonal conflicts
  • daily study
  • spillover–crossover

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