The translation of higher-level knowledge into managerial and creative competencies

Hammad Akbar, Y Baruch, Nikolaos Tzokas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Higher-level knowledge is regarded as the source from which managerial, as well as creative, competencies originate. However, how higher-level knowledge is translated into different levels of these competencies remains to be analysed in depth. In this paper, we examine the specific mindset and cognitive actions, through which higher-level knowledge is translated into managerial or creative competencies and the different levels within these competencies. Our aim is to deepen our understanding of how knowledge and competencies are interlinked. Our contribution is to show how managerial and creative competencies at the cognitive level are orthogonal to each other and specify the level at which these competencies are translated into. Finally, we offer theoretical and managerial implications and directions for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-240
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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