The Tpeak – Tend interval as an electrocardiographic risk marker of arrhythmic and mortality outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Gary Tse, Mengqi Gong, Wing Tak Wong, Stamatis Georgopoulos , Konstantinos P Letsas , Vassilios S Vassiliou, Yat Sun Chan, Bryan P Yan, Sunny Hei Wong, William KK Wu, Ana Ciobanu, Guangping Li, Jayaprakash Shenthar , Ardan M Saguner, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Aishwarya Bhardwaj, Abhishek C Sawant, Paula Whittaker , Yunlong Xia , Gan-Xin YanTong Liu

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Abstract

Background: The Tpeak – Tend interval, an electrocardiographic marker reflecting transmural dispersion of repolarization, has been used to predict ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in different clinical settings. Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the significance of Tpeak – Tend interval in predicting arrhythmic and/or mortality endpoints. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and CINAHL Plus databases were searched through 30th November 2016.Results: Of the 854 studies identified initially, 33 observational studies involving 155856 patients were included in our meta-analysis. Tpeak – Tend interval prolongation (mean cut-off: 103.3 ± 17.4 ms) was a significant predictor of the arrhythmic or mortality outcomes (odds ratio (OR): 1.14, 95% CI: 1.11 to 1.17, p < 0.001). When different end-points were analyzed, the ORs are as follows: VT/VF (1.10, 95% CI: 1.06 to 1.13, p < 0.0001), SCD (1.27, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.39, p < 0.0001), cardiovascular death (1.40, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.64, p < 0.0001), and all-cause mortality (4.56, 95% CI 0.62 to 33.68, p < 0.0001). Subgroup analysis for each disease revealed that the risk of VT/VF or death was highest for Brugada syndrome (OR: 5.68, 95% CI: 1.57 to 20.53, p < 0.01), followed by hypertension (OR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.26 to 1.85, p < .0001), heart failure (OR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.11, p < .0001) and ischemic heart disease (OR: 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.10, p = 0.001). In the general population, a prolonged Tpeak – Tend interval also predicted arrhythmic or mortality outcomes (OR: 1.59, 95% CI: 1.21 to 2.09, p < 0.001).Conclusion: The Tpeak – Tend interval is useful risk stratification tool in different diseases and in the general population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1131-1137
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume14
Issue number8
Early online date25 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Tpeak - Tend
  • dispersion of repolarization
  • risk stratification
  • ventricular arrhythmia
  • sudden cardiac death

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