Thinker, gaoler, soldier and spy: Sir John Peyton (1544-1630) and early modern intelligence brokering in the Tower of London

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Through analysing local administrative records, state administrative records, and personal correspondence, this article demonstrates how Sir John Peyton’s role as Lieutenant of the Tower of London (1597-1603) provides us with a hitherto unexamined opportunity for commissioning, extracting, brokering, and obtaining intelligence. In doing so, it makes the case for re-examining the often-overlooked contribution of Elizabethan and Jacobean administrators to the history of intelligence-gathering in early modern England, here focussing on the position of the Lieutenant of the Tower of London.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-281
Number of pages20
Issue number381
Early online date5 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • espionage
  • diplomacy
  • intelligence-gathering
  • Early modern history

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