Three-dimensional steep wave impact on a vertical plate with an open rectangular section

Ioannis Chatzigeorgiou, Alexander Korobkin, Mark Cooker

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7 Citations (Scopus)
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The present study treats the three-dimensional hydrodynamic slamming problem on a vertical plate subjected to the impact of a steep wave moving towards the plate with a constant velocity. The problem is complicated significantly by assuming that there is a rectangular opening on the plate which allows a discharge of the liquid. The analysis is conducted analytically assuming linear potential theory. The examined configuration determines two boundary value problems with mixed conditions which fully are taken into account. The mathematical process assimilates the plate with a degenerate elliptical cylinder allowing the employment of elliptical harmonics that ensure the satisfaction of the free-surface boundary condition of the front face of the steep wave, away from the plate. This assumption leads to an additional boundary value problem with mixed conditions in the vertical direction. The associated problem involves triple trigonometrical series and it is solved through a transformation into integral equations. To tackle the boundary value problem in the vertical direction a perturbation technique is employed. Extensive numerical calculations are presented as regards the variation of the velocity potential on the plate at the instant of the impact which reveals the influence of the opening. The theory is extended to the computation of the total impulse exerted on the plate using pressure-impulse theory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-272
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Early online date23 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017


  • Steep wave impact
  • Pressure-impulse
  • Elliptical harmonics
  • Mixed boundary value problems
  • Triple trigonometrical series
  • Integral equations

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