Time dependent hydraulic falls and trapped waves over submerged obstructions

Charlotte Page, Emilian Parau

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Abstract

We consider the classical problem of a free surface flowing past one or more disturbances in a channel. The fluid is assumed to be inviscid and incompressible, and the flow, irrotational. Both the effects of gravity and surface tension are considered. The stability of critical flow steady solutions, which have subcritical flow upstream of the disturbance and supercritical flow downstream, is investigated. We compute the initial steady solution using boundary integral equation techniques based on Cauchy integral formula and advance the solution forward in time using a mixed Euler-Lagrange method along with Adams-Bashforth-Moulton scheme. Both gravity and gravity-capillary critical flow solutions are found to be stable. The stability of solutions with a train of waves trapped between two disturbances is also investigated in the pure gravity and gravity-capillary cases.
Original languageEnglish
Article number126604
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Keywords

  • free surface flows
  • hydraulic falls
  • gravity-capillary waves

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