Tomato I2 immune receptor can be engineered to confer partial resistance to the oomycete phytophthora infestans in addition to the fungus fusarium oxysporum

Artemis Giannakopoulou, John F C Steele, Maria Eugenia Segretin, Tolga O. Bozkurt, Ji Zhou, Silke Robatzek, Mark J. Banfield, Marina Pais, Sophien Kamoun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plants and animals rely on immune receptors, known as nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat (NLR)-containing proteins, to defend against invading pathogens and activate immune responses. How NLR receptors respond to pathogens is inadequately understood. We previously reported single-residue mutations that expand the response of the potato immune receptor R3a to AVR3aEM, a stealthy effector from the late blight oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans. I2, another NLR that mediates resistance to the wilt-causing fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, is the tomato ortholog of R3a. We transferred previously identified R3a mutations to I2 to assess the degree to which the resulting I2 mutants have an altered response. We discovered that wild-Type I2 protein responds weakly to AVR3a. One mutant in the N-Terminal coiled-coil domain, I2I141N, appeared sensitized and displayed markedly increased response to AVR3a. Remarkably, I2I141N conferred partial resistance to P. infestans. Further, I2I141N has an expanded response spectrum to F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici effectors compared with the wild-Type I2 protein. Our results suggest that synthetic immune receptors can be engineered to confer resistance to phylogenetically divergent pathogens and indicate that knowledge gathered for one NLR could be exploited to improve NLR from other plant species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1316-1329
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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