Too close for comfort? A corpus-based study of EFL academic prose

Vander Viana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This paper looks into the specificity of academic prose in an EFL setting. To this end, it analyzes two learner corpora (a linguistic corpus and a literary one) compiled from scientific articles in English written by Brazilian researchers and published in online journals and proceedings. The study takes into account the notions of formulaicity and novelty in language (cf. Sinclair 1991, Wray 2002) and adopts the lexical bundle (cf. Biber et al. 2004) as its unit of analysis. The computer program WordSmith Tools (Scott 1999) is used to list the most frequent lexical bundles in both research corpora, which are then classified in terms of structure and function. The results show that more innovation occurs in the literary corpus, and, consequently, fewer lexical bundles. The corpora also seem to be different once the nature of bundles is considered.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActing and connecting
Subtitle of host publicationCultural approaches to Language and Literature
EditorsSonia Zyngier, Anna Chesnokova, Vander Viana
Place of PublicationMünster
PublisherLIT Verlag
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Corpus linguistics
  • Academic prose
  • Brazilian researchers
  • English as a foreign language
  • Lexical bundles

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