Towards disaster resilience: A scenario-based approach to co-producing and integrating hazard and risk knowledge

Tim Davies, Sarah Beaven, David Conradson, Alex Densmore, JC Gaillard, David Johnston, Dave Milledge, Katie Oven, Dave Petley, Jonathan Rigg, Tom Robinson, Nick Rosser, Tom Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantitative risk assessment and risk management processes are critically examined in the context of their applicability to the statistically infrequent and sometimes unforeseen events that trigger major disasters. While of value when applied at regional or larger scales by governments and insurance companies, these processes do not provide a rational basis for reducing the impacts of major disasters at the local (community) level because in any given locality disaster events occur too infrequently for their future occurrence in a realistic timeframe to be accurately predicted by statistics. Given that regional and national strategies for disaster reduction cannot be effective without effective local disaster reduction measures, this is a significant problem. Instead, we suggest that communities, local government officials, civil society organisations and scientists could usefully form teams to co-develop local hazard event and effects scenarios, around which the teams can then develop realistic long-term plans for building local resilience. These plans may also be of value in reducing the impacts of other disasters, and are likely to have the additional benefits of improving science development, relevance and uptake, and of enhancing communication between scientists and the public.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-247
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume13
Early online date2 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Disaster risk quantification
  • Risk management
  • Community resilience
  • Event and effects scenarios
  • Co-production of knowledge

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