OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to address radiation necrosis, pseudoprogression, and pseudoresponse relative to high-grade gliomas and evaluate the role of conventional MRI and, in particular, dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion MRI in assessing such treatment-related changes from tumor recurrence. CONCLUSION: Posttreatment imaging assessment of high-grade gliomas remains challenging. Familiarity with the expected MR imaging appearances of treatment-related change and tumor recurrence will help distinguish these entities allowing appropriate management.
- radiation necrosis
- tumor recurrence