Tree-ring evidence of the widespread effects of explosive volcanic eruptions

PD Jones, KR Briffa, FH Schweingruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tree-ring evidence from 97 sites over North America and Europe are used to develop a chronology of widespread cool summers since 1600. A number of the extreme low density years occur in both North America and Europe, suggesting a common response to high-frequency forcing. Of the five common extreme low-density years (1601, 1641, 1669, 1699 and 1912) four are known to be coincident with the year or year following major volcanic eruptions. Other extreme low density indices in the continental series are also clearly coincident with known volcanoes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1333
Number of pages1
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Cite this