Tsunami generated by the volcano eruption on July 12-13 at Montserrat, Lesser Antilles

Efim Pelinovsky, Narcisse Zahibo, Peter Dunkley, Marie Edmonds, Richard Herd, Tatiana Talipova, Andrey Kozelkov, Irina Nikolkina

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A major collapse of a lava dome occurred at the Soufrière Hills Volcano (Montserrat, Lesser Antilles), culminating late in the evening (11:35 PM local time) on July 12, 2003 (03:35 GMT on 13 July). This generated a tsunami, which was recorded on Montserrat 2-4 km from the generating area and Guadeloupe, 50 km from Montserrat. Results of field surveys are presented. Tsunami wave height on Montserrat may have been about 4 m according to the location of a strandline of charred trees and other floating objects at Spanish Point on the east coast of the island. The wave height on Guadeloupe according to “direct” witnesses was about 0.5-1 m at Deshaies and near Plage de la Perle. The tsunami at Deshaies caused the scattering of boats as confirmed by fishermen and local authorities. Data from the field survey are in agreement with the predicted tsunami scenario obtained by numerical simulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-57
Number of pages14
JournalScience of Tsunami Hazards
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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