Two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy resolves relative excited-state displacements

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Knowledge of relative displacements between potential energy surfaces (PES) is critical in spectroscopy and photochemistry. Information on displacements is encoded in vibrational coherences. Here we apply ultrafast two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy in a pump−probe half-broadband (HB2DES) geometry to probe the ground- and excited-state potential landscapes of cresyl violet. 2D coherence maps reveal that while the coherence amplitude of the dominant 585 cm−1 Raman-active mode is mainly localized in the ground- state bleach and stimulated emission regions, a 338 cm−1 mode is enhanced in excited-state absorption. Modeling these data with a three-level displaced harmonic oscillator model using the hierarchical equation of motion-phase matching approach (HEOM-PMA) shows that the S1 ← S0 PES displacement is greater along the 585 cm−1 coordinate than the 338 cm−1 coordinate, while Sn ← S1 displacements are similar along both coordinates. HB2DES is thus a powerful tool for exploiting nuclear wavepackets to extract quantitative multidimensional, vibrational coordinate information across multiple PESs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2876-2884
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number10
Early online date6 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2024

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