The worldwide epidemic in type 2 diabetes has been associated with an increased diagnosis in young adults. This has lead to a rapid rise in the number of pregnancies complicated by type 2 diabetes. Studies have shown risk of serious adverse outcome, including congenital malformation and perinatal mortality, is the same, or increased, in type 2 diabetes compared to type 1 diabetes. Despite improved glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes compared to type 1 diabetes, rates of perinatal morbidity, including preterm birth and macrosomia, appear to be similar. Risk factors associated with poor pregnancy outcome in women with type 2 diabetes include obesity, ethnicity and poor pregnancy preparation. This review will cover practical aspects of management of type 2 diabetes before, during and after pregnancy, including prepregnancy care, safety of oral hypoglycaemic agents, glycaemic management during labour, and choice of effective contraception.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2010|
- type 2 diabetes
- prepregnancy care
- perinatal mortality