Underbody and ground effects on rotating disc flow: a global inviscid study

R. Purvis, E. R. Johnson, F. T. Smith

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The flow induced by a finite disc rotating near horizontal ground is considered, including the effects of an underbody. This paper concentrates on determining the shape of the free layer beyond the rim of the disc which is horizontal in the absence of the underbody and ground but forced to deform to ensure that conditions across the layer are satisfied when the underbody or ground is added. The far-field behaviour, the inviscid flow produced by a nominally infinite disc near the ground and the global solution for small ground clearances are considered analytically, and the full problem is posed as an integral problem. This is then solved numerically and analytically. Results are presented for various heights of the disc above the ground and for discs with an axisymmetric underbody present. A universal form is found for the farfield shape (which is controlled by entrainment into the free layer) but both the underbody and the ground effects are found to increase very significantly for reduced clearances.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-938
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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