Understanding well-being and learning of Nigerian nurses: a job demand control support model approach

Yvonne van Doorn, Joris van Ruysseveldt, Karen van Dam, Wilhelm Mistiaen, Irina Nikolova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: This study investigated whether Nigerian nurses’ emotional exhaustion and active learning were predicted by job demands, control and social support.

Background: Limited research has been conducted concerning nurses’ work stress in developing countries, such as Nigeria. Accordingly, it is not clear whether work interventions for improving nurses’ well-being in these countries can be based on work stress models that are developed in Western countries, such as the job demand control support model, as well as on empirical findings of job demand control support research.

Method: Nurses from Nurses Across the Borders Nigeria were invited to complete an online questionnaire containing validated scales; 210 questionnaires were fully completed and analysed. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses.

Results: Emotional exhaustion was higher for nurses who experienced high demands and low supervisor support. Active learning occurred when nurses worked under conditions of high control and high supervisor support. Conclusion The findings suggest that the job demand control support model is applicable in a Nigerian nursing situation; the model indicates which occupational stressors contribute to poor well-being in Nigerian nurses and which work characteristics may boost nurses’ active learning.

Implications: for nursing management Job (re)design interventions can enhance nurses’ well-being and learning by guarding nurses’ job demands, and stimulating job control and supervisor support.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915–922
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Issue number7
Early online date30 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016


  • active learning
  • emotional exhaustion
  • job demand control support-model
  • Nigeria
  • nurses

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