Up-regulation of oligodendrocyte precursor cell αV integrin and its extracellular ligands during central nervous system remyelination

Chao Zhao, Stephen P.J. Fancy, Robin J.M. Franklin, Charles Ffrench-Constant

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50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine the role of extracellular matrix molecules and their integrin ligands in CNS remyelination, we have examined in experimentally induced focal demyelinated lesions the expression of the two classes of integrins implicated in oligodendrocyte development and myelination: α6 laminin-binding integrins and αV integrins that bind a range of extracellular matrix proteins containing the -Arg-Gly-Asp- (RGD) recognition sequence. Only αV integrins were up-regulated during remyelination, being expressed on oligodendrocyte precursor cells during their recruitment into the lesion. Next, therefore, we examined the expression of extracellular matrix ligands for αV integrins and documented increased expression of tenascin-C, tenascin-R, fibronectin, and vitronectin. Taken together with our previous discovery of high levels of expression of another aV ligand, osteopontin, during remyelination in these lesions, our findings suggest that αV integrins make an important contribution to successful repair in the CNS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3447-3455
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume87
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Extracellular matrix
  • Integrin
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Remyelination
  • Stem cell

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