Using team discussions to understand behavior in indefinitely repeated prisoner’s dilemma games

David J. Cooper, John H. Kagel

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We compare behavior of two person teams with individuals in indefinitely repeated prisoner dilemma games with perfect monitoring. Team discussions are used to understand the rationale underlying these choices, and how these choices come about. There are three main findings: (1) Teams learned to cooperate faster than individuals, and cooperation was more stable for teams. (2) Strategies identified from team dialogues differ from those identified by the Strategy Frequency Estimation Method. This reflects the improvisational nature of teams’ decision making. (3) Increasing cooperation was primarily driven by teams unilaterally cooperating in the hope of inducing their opponent to cooperate.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Economic Journal: Microeconomics
Early online dateDec 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Dec 2022


  • Infinitely repeated prisoner dilemma games
  • team decision making
  • analysis of team discussions

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