Virtual learning, real effects: does delivery mode influence students' attainment?

Fabio Yoshio Suguri Motoki, Valdemar Pinho Neto, Victor Rodrigues

Research output: Working paperPreprint


We examine the impact of online teaching on the academic performance of undergraduate students in Brazil, focusing on the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) Exam. We employ a differences-in-differences (DiD) approach, leveraging the quasi-experiment caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, and find that transitioning to online teaching negatively impacts the performance of in-person students. Our findings reconcile prior conflicting evidence and contribute to informing policy discussions and the literature on the effects of digital technologies on education.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2023


  • online education
  • standardized test
  • certification exam
  • certified public accountant
  • Covid-19

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