What are the important factors in health-related quality of life for people with aphasia? A systematic review

Katerina Hilari, Justin Needle, Kirsty Harrison

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165 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hilari K, Needle JJ, Harrison KL. What are the important factors in health-related quality of life for people with aphasia? A systematic review.
Objective

To determine factors associated with or predictive of poor health-related quality of life (HRQL) in people with aphasia poststroke. Better understanding of these factors can allow better targeting of rehabilitation programs.
Data Sources

Electronic databases, covering medical (eg, Medline, Excerpta Medica Database, Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Ovid, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database) and social sciences (eg, PsycINFO) were searched and key experts were approached.
Study Selection

Studies including specific information on the HRQL of people with aphasia poststroke using validated HRQL measures or established ways of analyzing qualitative data were included. Two reviewers independently screened studies against the eligibility criteria.
Data Extraction

This was undertaken independently by 2 reviewers. Discrepancies were resolved by consensus. Quantitative studies were assessed for quality with Counsell and Dennis' critical appraisal tool for systematic review of prognostic models in acute stroke; qualitative studies with the Critical Appraisal Skills Program tool for qualitative research.
Data Synthesis

Fourteen research reports met the eligibility criteria. Because of their high heterogeneity, the data synthesis was narrative. The evidence is not strong enough to determine the main predictors of HRQL in people with aphasia. Still, emotional distress/depression, severity of aphasia and communication disability, other medical problems, activity limitations, and aspects of social network and support were important factors.
Conclusions

Emotional distress, aphasia severity, communication and activity limitations, other medical problems, and social factors affect HRQL. Stroke HRQL studies need to include people with aphasia and report separately on them, in order to determine the main predictors of their HRQL and to identify what interventions can best address them.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S86-S95.e4
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume93
Issue number1 SUPPL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2012

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