What's new? Children prefer novelty in referent selection

Jessica S Horst, Larissa K Samuelson, Sarah C Kucker, Bob McMurray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Determining the referent of a novel name is a critical task for young language learners. The majority of studies on children's referent selection focus on manipulating the sources of information (linguistic, contextual and pragmatic) that children can use to solve the referent mapping problem. Here, we take a step back and explore how children's endogenous biases towards novelty and their own familiarity with novel objects influence their performance in such a task. We familiarized 2-year-old children with previously novel objects. Then, on novel name referent selection trials children were asked to select the referent from three novel objects: two previously seen and one completely novel object. Children demonstrated a clear bias to select the most novel object. A second experiment controls for pragmatic responding and replicates this finding. We conclude, therefore, that children's referent selection is biased by previous exposure and children's endogenous bias to novelty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-244
Number of pages11
JournalCognition
Volume118
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Preschool Child
  • Exploratory Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language Development
  • Linguistics
  • Male

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