Which behavior change techniques are associated with changes in physical activity, diet and body mass index in people with recently diagnosed diabetes?

Nelli Hankonen (Lead Author), Stephen Sutton, A. Toby Prevost, Rebecca K. Simmons, Simon J. Griffin, Ann Louise Kinmonth, Wendy Hardeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: Meta-analyses have identified promising behavior change techniques (BCTs) in changing obesity-related behaviors from intervention descriptions. However, it is unclear whether these BCTs are used by intervention participants and are related to outcomes. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate BCT use by participants of an intervention targeting physical activity and diet and whether BCT use was related to behavior change and weight loss. Methods: Intervention participants (N = 239; 40–69 years) with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes in the ADDITION-Plus trial received a theory-based intervention which taught them a range of BCTs. BCT usage was reported at 1 year. Results: Thirty-six percent of the participants reported using all 16 intervention BCTs. Use of a higher number of BCTs and specific BCTs (e.g., goal setting) were associated with a reduction in body mass index (BMI). Conclusions: BCT use was associated with weight loss. Future research should identify strategies to promote BCT use in daily life. (Trial Registration: ISRCTN99175498.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-17
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number1
Early online date8 May 2014
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015


  • Behavior change techniques
  • Diabetes
  • Diet
  • Intervention fidelity
  • Physical activity
  • Theory-based intervention
  • Weight loss

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