Winner–loser species replacements in human-modified landscapes

Bruno K. C. Filgueiras, Carlos A. Peres, Felipe P. L. Melo, Inara R. Leal, Marcelo Tabarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Community assembly arguably drives the provision of ecosystem services because they critically depend on which and how species coexist. We examine conspicuous cases of 'winner and loser' replacements (WLRs) in tropical forests to provide a framework integrating drivers, impacts on ecological organization, and reconfiguration of ecosystem service provisioning. Most WLRs involve native species and result from changes in resource availability rather than from altered competition among species. In this context, species dispersal is a powerful force controlling community (re)assembly. Furthermore, replacements imply a nearly complete functional reorganization of assemblages and new 'packages' of ecosystem services and disservices provided by winners. WLRs can thus elucidate the multiple transitions experienced by tropical forests, and have theoretical/applied implications, including the role that human-modified landscapes may play in global-scale sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-555
Number of pages11
JournalTrends in Ecology & Evolution
Volume36
Issue number6
Early online date5 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • community reorganization
  • disturbance-adapted species
  • disturbance-sensitive species
  • ecological groups
  • habitat conversion
  • species persistence

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