Wireless e-nose sensors to detect volatile organic gases through multivariate analysis

Saifur Rahman, Abdullah S. Alwadie, Muhammad Irfan, Rabia Nawaz, Mohsin Raza, Ehtasham Javed, Muhammad Awais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Gas sensors are critical components when adhering to health safety and environmental policies in various manufacturing industries, such as the petroleum and oil industry; scent and makeup production; food and beverage manufacturing; chemical engineering; pollution monitoring. In recent times, gas sensors have been introduced to medical diagnostics, bioprocesses, and plant disease diagnosis processes. There could be an adverse impact on human health due to the mixture of various gases (e.g., acetone (A), ethanol (E), propane (P)) that vent out from industrial areas. Therefore, it is important to accurately detect and differentiate such gases. Towards this goal, this paper presents a novel electronic nose (e-nose) detection method to classify various explosive gases. To detect explosive gases, metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) sensors are used as reliable tools to detect such volatile gases. The data received from MOS sensors are processed through a multivariate analysis technique to classify different categories of gases. Multivariate analysis was done using three variants—differential, relative, and fractional analyses—in principal components analysis (PCA). The MOS sensors also have three different designs: loading design, notch design, and Bi design. The proposed MOS sensor-based e-nose accurately detects and classifies three different gases, which indicates the reliability and practicality of the developed system. The developed system enables discrimination of these gases from the mixture. Based on the results from the proposed system, authorities can take preventive measures to deal with these gases to avoid their potential adverse impacts on employee health.
Original languageEnglish
Article number597
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2020


  • Detection
  • Electronic
  • Electronic nose
  • Gas sensors
  • Metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) sensors
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Principal components analysis

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